Tech Notes

Tech Notes report on technical accomplishments and capabilities of MIT Lincoln Laboratory.

Localizing Ground-Penetrating Radar

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An innovative ground-penetrating radar that maps underground geological features provides autonomous vehicles with real-time localization.

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Multisystem Simulation with T2OURNAMINT

Battle theater simulation enables operational radar and electronic support systems to be pitted against jammers and missile seekers under realistic engagement scenarios.

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Aluminum as a Fuel

A novel aluminum fuel that has many attractive features could replace lithium-ion batteries in several applications.

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Small Airport Surveillance Sensor

A low-cost radar surveillance system provides airport tower controllers with improved situational awareness of aircraft at the airport and in the nearby airspace.

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Polarimetric Co-location Layering

A novel algorithm exploits polarimetric radar signals to filter sea clutter returns from object detections.

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Simultaneous Transmit and Receive Phased Arrays

A proposed new architecture may enable simultaneous transmit and receive within a digital phased array.

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Video-Rate Microwave Imaging for Concealed-Threat Detection

A flexible, modular imaging system can rapidly detect threats concealed under clothes or hidden in bags.

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Strike Group Defender: The Missile Matrix

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Under the direction of the Office of Naval Research, Lincoln Laboratory has partnered with industry video game developer
Pipeworks to create an interactive surface warfare game that trains sailors to tactically plan for and respond to threats posed by modern anti-ship cruise missiles.

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Wind Turbine Interference-Mitigation Study

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A strategy for lessening wind turbines' effects on the performance of an aircraft measurement system at a naval air station on the Chesapeake Bay could inform future research into interference mitigation for other radar applications.

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Adding Automation and Decision Support Capabilities at
the Reagan Test Site

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New software tools provide operators with automated decision support for directing sensors during increasingly complex tests conducted at the Reagan Test Site.

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Reagan Test Site Optics Modernization Program

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Upgrades to the optical systems combine state-of-the-art commercial focal plane technologies with a wide-area, network-centric, open-system design to allow distributed system command and control while achieving record-high metric accuracy.

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Self-Defense Distributed Engagement Coordinator

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MIT Lincoln Laboratory helped develop a unique decision support tool that automatically evaluates responses to anti-ship threats and recommends actions to the personnel coordinating ship self-defense. This tool was recognized with a 2015 R&D 100 Award.

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Telemetry Modernization with Open Architecture Software-Defined Radio Technology

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Lincoln Laboratory is conducting a software-defined radio technology development program to improve the way telemetered information is collected and processed.

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Airborne Collision Avoidance System X

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A next-generation onboard safety system that uses a new approach to collision avoidance logic reduces mid-air collision risk and extends collision avoidance protection to new aircraft classes.

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Wide-Area Chemical Sensor

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A highly sensitive sensor rapidly detects and measures concentrations of target gas molecules within the atmosphere at long ranges to warn of potentially hazardous chemical releases.

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Curled Microelectromechanical Switch

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Curling the electrode of a microswitch virtually eliminates sticking and dielectric charging, leading to more consistent operation and longer lifetimes.

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Lunar Laser Communication System

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A laser communication system that achieves record-high data transmittal rates could expand what’s possible for future science missions to the Moon and beyond.

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Airborne Sense and Avoid Radar Panel

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An antenna designed for sense-and-avoid systems for unmanned aircraft may not only help open the national airspace to unmanned air vehicles but also transform the design of wide-bandwidth radar systems.

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Icon for VOCALinc software

Automated speaker recognition software provides an accurate, objective, consistent, and efficient tool for conducting speaker comparisons.

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Haystack Ultrawideband Satellite Imaging Radar

Icon for the Haystack Ultrawideband Satellite Imaging Radar

A ground-based, long-range, dual-band sensor that can daily generate very-high-resolution radar images of space objects has the potential to significantly improve our knowledge of the space environment.

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Micro-sized Microwave Atmospheric Satellite

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MIT Lincoln Laboratory in collaboration with the Space Systems Laboratory at MIT campus has developed a prototype nanosatellite that could make weather monitoring less expensive. This Micro-sized Microwave Atmospheric Satellite, or MicroMAS, was launched on 13 July aboard a spacecraft making a supply delivery to the International Space Station. MicroMAS will then be deployed into orbit to take measurements of atmospheric temperature.

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Photoacoustic Sensing of Explosives

Icon for PHASETwo technological breakthroughs enable a modular, standoff, laser-induced acoustics system that detects and discriminates trace amounts of explosive material. This technology was selected as a 2013 R&D 100 Award winner.

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Structured Knowledge Space

This multifaceted end-to-end software system enables increased exploitation of a vast store of intelligence and military reports and documents that had previously been largely unsearchable. This technology was named a 2013 R&D 100 Award winner.

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Lincoln Open Cryptographic Key Management Architecture

LOCKMA iconSolving the complex problem of cryptographic key management enables broad employment of cryptographic protections in devices as small as a miniature drone. This technology won a 2012 R&D 100 Award.

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Route Availability Planning Tool

RAPT iconMIT Lincoln Laboratory developed a decision support tool that improves management of flight departures at airports during thunderstorms. The Federal Aviation Administration has deployed this technology at airports in the New York region and Chicago. This technology won a 2012 R&D 100 Award.

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Wavelength Beam-Combined Laser Diode Arrays

icon for wavelength beam combiningWavelength beam combining of diode lasers produces the intensity and brightness necessary for metal cutting and welding that previously required more powerful and more expensive laser systems. This technology won a 2012 R&D 100 Award, the first-place Berthold Leibinger Innovationspreis, and an MIT Lincoln Laboratory Best Invention Award.

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Wide Field-of-View Curved Focal Plane Array

icon for wide FOV cameraMIT Lincoln Laboratory fabricated a unique array of curved charge-coupled devices that has expanded the capabilities of deep-space surveillance. This technology won a 2012 R&D 100 Award.

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Airborne Ladar Imaging Research Testbed

ALIRT iconThe Airborne Ladar Imaging Research Testbed (ALIRT) is an airborne three-dimensional imaging laser radar system that can rapidly collect high-resolution maps of wide-area terrain from altitudes up to 9000 m and decimeter accuracy from altitudes of 3000 m. This technology won a 2011 R&D 100 Award.

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Multifunction Phased Array Radar Panel

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An innovative design exploits dual polarization and digital beamforming to provide a radar solution for simultaneous aircraft surveillance and weather sensing. This technology, a 2011 R&D 100 Award winner, also received an R&D Magazine's Editor's Choice Award.

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Reagan Test Site Distributed Operations

Icon for Reagan Test Site Distributed OpsMIT Lincoln Laboratory is contributing to a transformational program to fundamentally change the mission execution and operations at the Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. When the program is completed, operations at the Reagan Test Site will be able to be managed from the continental United States.

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Miniature Radio Frequency Receivers

Icon of a mini RF receiverThe Lincoln Laboratory four-channel miniature radio frequency receiver implemented on a single chip detects low-level signals across a wide frequency range in the presence of many interferers. It outperforms existing commercial receiver systems by leveraging improvements in silicon germanium semiconductors. This technology won a 2010 R&D 100 Award.

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Next-Generation Incident Command System

LDDRS iconLincoln Laboratory's integrated sensing and command-and-control system enables a coordinated, collaborative disaster response by improving situational awareness.

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Orthogonal Transfer Array: Enabling wide-field imaging

Thumbnail of orthogonal transfer arrayArrays of unique charge-coupled devices developed at Lincoln Laboratory are making it possible for the world's largest focal plane to image vaster expanses of the night sky than ever before.

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Superconducting Nanowire Photodetector Arrays

Icon of a micrograph of a superconducting photodetector arrayOvercoming basic physical limitations on individual detector speed enables broad-band single-photon detection with high efficiency and low noise at record-high rates exceeding one billion photons per second. This technology won a 2010 R&D 100 Award.

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More Tech Notes

Runway Status Lights

Preventing runway incursions that lead to accidents has been on the National Transportation Safety Board's "Most Wanted List" for nearly two decades. To prevent incursions on airport runways, MIT Lincoln Laboratory developed a status lights system that uses existing airport surveillance technology in conjunction with advanced data-fusion techniques and state logic. This technology won a 2010 R&D 100 Award.    Full Tech Note (pdf) ›

Parallel Vector Tile Optimizing Library

Researchers at MIT Lincoln Laboratory developed the Parallel Vector Tile Optimizing Library to address a
primary challenge faced by developers of embedded signal processing applications: how to write programs at a high level while still achieving performance and preserving the portability of the code across platforms. This technology won a 2011 R&D 100 Award.   Full Tech Note (pdf) ›

Nonlinear Equalization for Receiver Dynamic Range Extension

MIT Lincoln Laboratory has achieved significant increases in receiver dynamic range by applying nonlinear equalization techniques.  Full Tech Note (pdf) ›

Digital Focal-Plane Arrays

Lincoln Laboratory's digital focal-plane array technology is improving the long-range infrared capabilities of detectors used in wide-area imaging and surveillance applications. This technology won a 2010 R&D 100 Award.  
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Specialized avalanche photodiode arrays enable adaptive optics uses

Adaptive optics requires detectors with high fill factor—as an incident light spot shifts, so does the pattern of detector responses. Lincoln Laboratory has demonstrated an array of Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes specifically tailored for adaptive optics uses. This technology won a 2010 R&D 100 Award.
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Extended Space Sensors Architecture

Lincoln Laboratory is demonstrating a service-oriented network architecture that enables the space community to share information and services from the varied systems of the Space Surveillance Network.   Full Tech Note (pdf) ›

CANARY: Technology for rapidly identifying biological agents

The need for rapid, sensitive identification of biological agents is being addressed by Lincoln Laboratory with unique instruments that use the Cellular Analysis and Notification of Antigen Risks and Yields (CANARY) technology.  
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PANTHER: Rapidly identifying biological agents in aerosols

The threat of airborne hazardous biological agents within a building or in locations of high population density stresses the need for rapid, sensitive identification of the responsible biological agents. Lincoln Laboratory developed the Pathogen Analyzer for Threatening Environmental Releases to provide rapid bioidentification. This technology won a 2011 R&D 100 Award.

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Technology Transfer: A vital part of the Laboratory’s mission

Lincoln Laboratory's technology transfer activities contribute significantly to the expansion of scientific knowledge and the promotion of industry solutions to defense and civil sector problems.   Full Tech Note (pdf) ›

Multiple-Antenna Techniques for Wireless Communications

Multiple-antenna technology is a rich area of research. Whether for future military wireless networks, soldier radios, autonomous sensors, or robotics, the demand for improved performance may be met with multiple-antenna communication links and the advanced technology making those links effective.
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Micropumps: Innovations to transport fluids in microchips

Microfluidics, the science of systems that can manipulate extremely small volumes of liquids, has been named by MIT Technology Review as one of the ten technologies that will change the world.    Full Tech Note (pdf) ›


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